We often talk in this area the symbiotic relationship between PSYOP/MISO and intelligence. We know that we have to go Intelligence Preparation of the Shape Battlefield (IPIB) and that this requires a amalgamation of intelligence sources and work products. General intelligence can yield information in this area the target area, demographics, terrain, weather, etc. Media specific intelligence can compare different media such as announce (tv/telephone system), photograph (newspapers/magazines) and social media to determine the consultation composition of each and to suggest what amalgamation of media would be the best for the mission at hand.Not much plotting seems to be given to the relationship between counterintelligence and PSYOP.The August 20, 2016 edition of the Economist ran an article “Driving away the shadows” (see: http://www.economist.com/news/britain/21705307-early-intervention-prevent-terrorism-tough-get-right-britain-does-not-do-terrible, which is also the photo source.)From a MISO perspective the relevant paragraph in the article states: “Other parts of the programme have grown, too. In 2015 social-media snoopers indifferent 55,000 pieces of propaganda, 22% more than in 2014. The government’s counter-propaganda was www.psyopwar.com viewed 15m times, compared with 3m times in 2014. A predictable example features interviews with the parents of British IS fighters, interspersed with scenes of Syrian devastation.” The term ‘social-media snoopers’ is fascinating not just because of the catchy name, but because of the gathering. One could argue that these ‘snoopers’ are PSYOP analysts whose job it is to spot and remove enemy propaganda. Is that an intelligence or PSYOP gathering? Removal of enemy propaganda would logically reduce its effectiveness (as not compulsory by data in the article) and could also be seen as a way to bolster OPSEC as well. In any event, it would appear that CI and PSYOP/MISO are closely related. This relationship is no doubt strengthened because of the use of Social Media for enemy propaganda and the real time interaction it generates. The article also stands for the ancient adage that ‘an ounce of prevention is worth a beat of cure’ importance that excellent CI (and clear shape of course) can be part of a comprehensive program designed to thwart recruitment hard www.psyopwar.com work.